| Home | Auto Upkeep | Book Chapters |

Auto Upkeep Book Chapters 1st Edition
Here you will find an overview of the 15 chapters from Auto Upkeep: Basic Car Care with a sample first page, contents, an introduction, and objectives. You can scroll down the page to view all chapters or you can jump to a specific chapter using the direct link below.

Chapter Links:

1 - Introduction to the Auto
9 - Fuel System
2 - Buying an Auto
10 - Cooling System
3 - Auto Expenses
11 - Ignition System
4 - Auto Safety
12 - Suspension & Steering
5 - Auto Care
13 - Braking System
6 - Fluid Level Check
14 - Drivetrains
7 - Electrical System
15 - Exhaust & Emissions
8 - Lubrication System

Introduction to the Automobile - Chapter 1


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 1

Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Major Automotive Contributors
  • Automotive Milestones
  • Vehicle Identification
  • Engine Size and Configuration
  • The Future
  • Summary

Introduction
For hundreds of years people have been compelled to find a better way to travel. It would be impossible to credit just one person for the development of the automobile. The word “automobile” literally means self-moving. People wanted a vehicle that could take them to new places. For many years people worked and lived within miles of where they were born and where they eventually died. Before the automobile, most people traveled on land from one place to another by foot, train, bicycle, or horse and carriage. Within a few years of the turn of the 20th century, the automobile would change society forever. Today, there are millions of vehicles on the roadways.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Identify people that have impacted the development of the automobile.
  • Identify the progression of the automobile.
  • Differentiate between vehicle manufacturers, makes, models, and types.
  • Describe and discuss future vehicle designs and features.
    Top of Page


Buying an Automobile - Chapter 2

Buying an Automobile
Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 2

Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of Buying an Automobile
  • Buying Steps
  • Summary

Introduction
Second to a home, the purchase of an automobile will probably be your next largest financial investment. The car buying process is amazing; you can walk into a car dealership and often within an hour drive away in an automobile. The first thing you should do when buying a car is take your time. Remember, the new pretty red car that you just have to have will be there next week (or dealers can often get another just like it). Since most people will usually buy a used car the first time, this chapter will present the process of buying a used as well as a new automobile.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Differentiate between your needs and wants in relation to good transportation.
  • Determine a budget that you can spend on an automobile.
  • Identify the steps in purchasing an automobile.
  • Identify the places to buy an automobile.
    Top of Page

Automobile Expenses - Chapter 3


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 3
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of Identifying Automotive Expenses
  • Car Payments
  • Insurance
  • Fuel Expenses
  • License and registration
  • Maintenance and Repairs
  • Summary

Introduction
The majority of automotive expenses start after the vehicle purchase. You will need a lot more money than just the car payment to own a car. When determining if you can afford a specific car, take everything into consideration: car payments, insurance, fuel expenses, annual license and registration, routine maintenance, and unexpected repairs. This chapter will identify and describe the most common expense areas that you will encounter while owning and operating a vehicle.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Identify the range of automotive expenses.
  • Identify ways to save money.
  • Calculate specific automotive expenses.
    Top of Page


Safety Around the Automobile - Chapter 4


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 4
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Laboratory Safety
  • Using Jacks and Jack Stands
  • Automotive Lifts
  • Lifting a Vehicle Safely
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Summary

Introduction
If the correct precautions are not taken, working on automobiles can be dangerous. In a school laboratory, in your garage, or at an automotive repair facility, you need to be aware of people and your surroundings at all times. People are needlessly hurt each year through carelessness. This chapter provides the information necessary to safely work on the automobile. When safety precautions are followed, working on the automobile can be a rewarding experience. Safety glasses, eyewash stations, first aid kits, and fire extinguishers are some of the items that should be available in an automotive work area.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Safely work on and around a vehicle.
  • Safely jack and support a vehicle.
  • Identify basic types of vehicle lifts.
  • Safely raise and lower a vehicle on an automotive lift.
  • Identify the different types of fire extinguishers.
    Top of Page


Auto Care - Chapter 5


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 5
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Automotive Finishes
  • Washing
  • Drying
  • Waxing
  • Cleaning the Inside
  • Summary

Introduction
Keeping a vehicle clean is as much a psychological thing as it is a physical one. Some people even say that when their vehicle is clean it actually runs better. With today’s fast paced society, people sometimes resort to taking their vehicle to an automatic car wash instead of washing their vehicle by hand. Detailing a car personally, however, can be very rewarding and can save money. The appearance of the vehicle does not actually change its performance, but it does improve its longevity. A vehicle that is kept clean inside and out will surely render a better value at trade-in-time. This chapter provides the necessary information for cleaning and caring for your automobile.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Identify different automotive finishes.
  • Explain the importance of washing, drying, and waxing a vehicle.
  • Explain the importance of cleaning the inside.
  • Successfully and correctly clean the inside and outside of a vehicle.
    Top of Page


Fluid Level Check - Chapter 6


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 6
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Types of Fluids
  • Summary

Introduction
Various fluids provide cooling, cleaning, lubricating, and/or sealing to vehicle components. Components of various systems take different types of fluids. The do-it-yourselfer can maintain the different systems by simply checking fluid levels and conditions. This chapter will guide you through correctly checking and adding fluids to vital vehicle components.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Identify the different types of fluids used in the automobile.
  • Analyze fluid conditions.
  • Perform basic fluid level checks.
    Top of Page


Electrical System - Chapter 7


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 7
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Electrical Terms
  • Starting System
  • Charging System
  • Battery Performance Ratings
  • Fuses
  • Lights
  • Summary

Introduction
The automotive electrical system consists of various wires, lights, circuits, fuses, relays, and switches. Even though the electrical system is extremely complex, there are still many repairs that you can do without taking your vehicle to a service facility. A simple thing like a headlight burning out can stop you from driving safely down the road. At some point in time most people will have to jump-start a vehicle, yet many are scared of the procedure. This chapter provides the basics of how to maintain, test, and repair various electrical system components.


Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Define electricity in terms of voltage, current, and resistance.
  • Identify and describe the components in the starting and charging system.
  • Explain battery performance ratings.
  • Identify the importance of fuses in the electrical system.
  • Test the starter and alternator.
  • Clean and test an automotive battery safely.
  • Jump-start a vehicle safely.
  • Change sealed beam and composite style headlamps.
    Top of Page

Lubrication System - Chapter 8


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 8
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of Oil in the Lubricating System
  • Understanding Oil Ratings
  • Synthetic Oil
  • Oil Filters
  • Summary

Introduction
The engine is the heart of your vehicle. Hundreds of moving parts within the engine must be lubricated. While the engine burns gasoline, it also takes in air from the outside. Thousands of gallons of air are brought into the engine for every gallon of gasoline consumed. Road dust and dirt are brought in with this air. While most of the air is cleaned, some dirt and dust may get by the air filter. In addition, incomplete combustion adds carbon deposits to the oil. Water can also come in contact with the oil from humidity in the air and from gaskets leaking. All of these factors can lead to engine oil failure. Engine oil is the substance that keeps your engine going day after day. It is extremely important to keep the oil clean and at the correct level to prevent engine oil failure.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Define the purpose of oil in the lubricating system.
  • Explain engine oil service and viscosity ratings.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of synthetic oils.
  • Discuss the importance of oil filters.
  • Change the oil and filter on a vehicle.
    Top of Page

Fuel System - Chapter 9


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 9
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Gasoline Properties
  • Diesel Properties
  • Purpose of the Fuel System
  • Parts of the Fuel System
  • Improving Fuel Economy
  • Fuel Prices
  • Summary

Introduction
Probably at least a couple of times a month you have to deal with filling up your vehicle’s gas tank at a gas station. Most automobiles in production today depend on either gasoline or diesel. Many problems arise from using gasoline and diesel. Once they are burned, they are gone forever. That is the reality of today’s fossil fuel driven society. Many simple things can be done to improve fuel mileage and efficiency of today’s vehicles. This chapter discusses fuel properties, automotive fuel components, and ways to increase fuel efficiency.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • State gasoline and diesel properties.
  • Explain the purpose of the fuel system.
  • Describe the various parts of the fuel system.
  • Identify ways to improve fuel economy.
  • Discuss future alternatives to gasoline and diesel engines.
    Top of Page

Cooling System - Chapter 10


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 10
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of the Cooling System
  • Cooling System Components
  • Coolant Properties
  • Coolant Flow
  • Summary

Introduction
Thousands of automobiles are stranded on the side of the road due to cooling system problems each year. Precautions can be taken to avoid this, including paying attention to the temperature gauge. Engine coolant, in addition to oil, carries away excess heat from the engine. Too much heat can destroy an engine, while an engine that is not at the proper operating temperature will run inefficiently. This chapter will identify and discuss the importance of the cooling system, maintenance procedures, and cooling system component identification.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Identify the purpose of the cooling system.
  • List and describe the components in the cooling system.
  • Define coolant properties.
  • Explain how coolant flows through an engine.
  • Test and service the cooling system.
    Top of Page

Ignition System - Chapter 11


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 11
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of the Ignition System
  • Generations of the Ignition System
  • Ignition System Components
  • Summary

Introduction
The engine in a vehicle needs three things to run: fuel, air, and spark. Chapter 9, Fuel System, presented how the engine receives fuel and air, now it is time for the spark. The ignition system on vehicles has changed over the years, but its purpose has been the same – to ignite the fuel-air mixture. The ignition converts chemical energy of the fuel into wanted mechanical energy of motion and wasted thermal energy. This chapter gives you the knowledge to identify and perform basic maintenance procedures on a vehicle’s ignition system.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Define the purpose of the ignition system.
  • Identify the generations of ignition systems.
  • Define and discuss the importance of the ignition system components while relating them to their respective generation.
  • Test and perform basic service procedures on the ignition system.
    Top of Page

Suspension and Steering System - Chapter 12


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 12
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of the Suspension System
  • Suspension System Components
  • Purpose of the Steering System
  • Steering System Components
  • Tires
  • Tire Wear Problems
  • Summary

Introduction
Most of the roads that we drive on are not perfectly smooth and straight. S-curves, potholes, speed bumps, construction zones, and weather conditions make it necessary for vehicles to have control mechanisms. A properly working suspension and steering system gives the operator and passengers of the vehicle a smooth and pleasant ride. Shocks, struts, springs, and tires all assist in controlling the automobile by keeping the tires in contact with the road. This chapter presents the functions and components of suspension and steering systems

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Define the purpose of the suspension system.
  • Identify the functions of suspension system components.
  • Define the purpose of the steering system.
  • Identify the functions of the steering system components.
  • Discuss the importance of tires and explain their ratings.
  • Inspect the suspension and steering components.
  • Inspect and rotate tires.
    Top of Page

Braking System - Chapter 13


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 13
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of the Braking System
  • Types of Brakes
  • Brake Fluid
  • Antilock Brakes
  • Emergency Brakes
  • Summary

Introduction
The braking system is designed to help the operator control the deceleration of the vehicle. While the suspension and steering systems control the ride and directional movements, the braking system is designed to slow or stop the vehicle. The braking system is crucial to the safe operation of the vehicle. This chapter identifies brake components and the principles that assist in slowing a vehicle.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Define the purpose and principles of the braking system.
  • Identify the different types of brakes and their components.
  • Identify brake fluid properties.
  • Discuss the advantage of antilock brakes.
  • Explain how the emergency brake is a secondary braking mechanism.
  • Safely perform basic inspections on the braking system.
    Top of Page

Drivetrains - Chapter 14


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 14
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of the Drivetrain
  • Drivetrain Components
  • Drivetrain Systems
  • Summary

Introduction
The engine can provide all the power in the world, but if it isn’t transferred to the wheels the car will not move. Automobiles need to perform equally well under a variety of loads. The transfer of power needs to accommodate the conditions on the highway, the weight of the vehicle and its passengers, and the performance desired to accelerate. Today’s automobile buyers can choose between rear-wheel, front-wheel, four-wheel, or all-wheel drivetrains. This chapter discusses the purpose of the drivetrain, drivetrain components, and types of drivetrains.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Define the purpose of the drivetrain.
  • Identify drivetrain components.
  • Identify and describe different drivetrain systems.
  • Inspect drivetrain systems.
    Top of Page

Exhaust and Emissions - Chapter 15


Click Picture to View the First Page of Chapter 15
.
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Purpose of the Exhaust and Emission System
  • Exhaust Components
  • Emission Components
  • Summary

Introduction
Exhaust and emission systems on newer vehicles have become more complex than in the past. The emission system is used to monitor air-fuel ratios and has many benefits to the operator and the environment. For many years, automotive manufacturers were just concerned about getting the hot exhaust gases out to the side or rear of the vehicle. Today exhaust and emission systems are complex mechanisms that provide safety, efficiency, and concern for our fragile environment. Periodically, exhaust and emission system components need replacing. This chapter focuses on identifying the components and purposes of the exhaust and emission system.

Objectives
Upon completion of this chapter and activities on the CD, you should be able to:

  • Define the purpose of the exhaust and emission system.
  • Identify and explain the components in an exhaust and emission system.
  • Inspect exhaust and emission system components.
    Top of Page