Many vehicles today have hydraulic power steering. The power steering pump is located off an engine drive belt. Note: All electric power steering (EPS) systems are becoming more popular. They eliminate the power steering fluid, pump, and hoses – so there is no fluid to check.
Types of Power Steering Fluid. Power steering fluid can be clear, gold, or red. Check the owner’s manual for specifications.
Checking Power Steering Fluid. To check the power steering fluid, shut off the engine and locate the power steering reservoir.
Reading the Dipstick/Adding Fluid. The cap and the dipstick are commonly one unit. The dipstick usually has a “full hot” and a “full cold” line. Remove the dipstick, wipe it off, reinstall, remove again, and note the reading. Using a clean funnel, add fluid as necessary.